Environmental safety regulations

Environmental protection category

Toy safety



American ASTM F963 "Toy Safety" is a mandatory toy safety standard that has a very large impact in the international arena. In commercial practice of this standard, toys that do not meet ASTM F963 cannot enter the US market. The main technical requirements of the standard include mechanical physical safety, combustion performance, chemical toxicity, electrical safety and microbiological safety. The latest version number is ASTMF963-17, which came into effect on February 28, 2018.


Migration restricted substances (8 heavy metals)

Toy materials: base materials and surface coatings except modeling clay

Maximum limit requirements for migratable elements in toy materials (mg/kg)

● Antimony (Sb): 60
● Arsenic (As): 25
● Barium (Ba): 1000
● Cadmium (Cd): 75
● Chromium (Cr): 60
● Lead (Pb): 90
● Mercury (Hg): 60
● Selenium (Se): 500



California Proposition 65 (Prop 65)

The requirements of California 65 regulations on toy products: In August 2008, California reached an agreement on the exposure of lead and phthalates to users who use or operate toys or other children's products. The ruling stipulated that certain products sold by manufacturers in California must not contain "lead and phthalates".


Restricted substances

Phthalates: The content of each of DEHP, BBP, DBP, DIDP, DINP does not exceed 0.1% (1,000ppm).

Lead: (i) the lead content of PVC parts is less than 0.02% (200ppm); and (ii) the lead content of accessible non-PVC parts is less than 0.06% ( 600ppm).


“specific products” include:

(i) A “toy” designed for children under 6 years old or used by children under 6 years old under reasonable circumstances;

(ii) Designed for children under 3 years old, or under reasonable circumstances to promote sleep, relaxation, grooming, hygiene, feeding or assisting children under 3 years old "Child care products for sucking or grinding teeth."



The EU regulations "Toy Safety Directive" (2009/48/EC) was promulgated in June 2009, non-chemicals took effect in July 2011, and the chemical part took effect in July 2013. The directive specifies the safety and quality requirements of toys, conformity assessment procedures, EC conformity declarations, and production control of the manufacturing process. All toys entering the EU market must first meet the requirements of the directive without exception.


Restriction requirements:

19 heavy metal restricted element migration limits;

Toys should comply with EU REACH regulations;

The ban on CMR substances (carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to the reproductive system);

55 kinds of allergenic aromatic substances cannot be used in toys, and only technically unavoidable contents below 0.01% (100ppm) are allowed;

Cosmetic toys should meet the requirements of Directive 76/768/EEC;

If the toy contains any of the 11 allergenic fragrances listed in Annex II of Directive 76/768/EEC, and the content exceeds 0.01% by weight, the toy It should be marked on;

Toys for children under 36 months must be designed and made to be cleanable;

Toys in food must be individually packaged;

The toy must not adhere firmly to the food;

New regulations on sound-producing toys;

New regulations on warnings and labels;

Nitrosamines and nitrosatable substances must not be contained in toys used by children under 36 months of age or toys that come in contact with their mouths.



European Union “Toy Safety Standard”EN 71 Part 3: The migration of specific elements, as the (2009/48/EC) chemical harmonization standard, the latest version EN71-3:2019 will take effect in October 2019. The test objects include 19 heavy metals, and the original 8 heavy metals are retained


Migration restricted substances (19 heavy metals)

Material type: Class III: The maximum migration limit of toy material (mg/kg) that can be scraped out

● Aluminum (AI): 70000
● Antimony (Sb): 560
● Arsenic (As): 47
● Barium (Ba): 18750
● Boron (B): 15000
● Cadmium (Cd): 17
● Trivalent chromium (Cr III): 460
● Hexavalent chromium (Cr VI): 0.053
● Cobalt (Co): 130
● Copper (Cu): 7700
● Lead (Pb): 23
● Manganese (Mn): 15000
● Mercury (Hg): 94
● Nickel (Ni): 930
● Selenium (Se): 460
● Strontium (Sr): 56000
● Tin (Sn): 180000
● Organotin (Sn): 12
● Zinc (Zn): 46000

Organotin compounds (detection value / limit of quantification) mg/kg:

● Monomethyltin (MeT): 0.02 / 0.06
● Dimethyl tin (DMT): 0.02 / 0.05
● One Butyl Tin (BuT): 0.02 / 0.06
● Dibutyltin (DBT): 0.02 / 0.06
● Tributyltin (TBT): 0.02 / 0.06
● Tetrabutyltin (TeBT): 0.02 / 0.05
● One octyl tin (MOT): 0.01 / 0.03
● Dioctyltin (DOT): 0.01 / 0.04
● Dipropyl tin (DPrT): 0.02 / 0.06
● Diphenyl tin (DPhT): 0.02 / 0.06
● Triphenyltin (TPhT): 0.01 / 0.04




China National Toy Safety Standard Part 4: Migration of Specific Elements GB6675-2014 "Toy Safety" has been enforced in January 2016, and the test objects include 6 kinds of enhancers and 8 kinds of heavy metals


Migration restricted substances (8 heavy metals + 6 plasticizers)

Toy material: modeling clay

Maximum limit requirements for migratable elements in toy materials (mg/kg)

● Antimony (Sb): 60
● Arsenic (As): 25
● Barium (Ba): 250
● Cadmium (Cd): 50
● Chromium (Cr): 25
● Lead (Pb): 90
● Mercury (Hg): 25
● Selenium (Se): 500

Toy materials: other toy materials (except modeling clay and finger paint)

Maximum limit requirements for migratable elements in toy materials (mg/kg)

● Antimony (Sb): 60
● Arsenic (As): 25
● Barium (Ba): 1000
● Cadmium (Cd): 75
● Chromium (Cr): 60
● Lead (Pb): 90
● Mercury (Hg): 60
● Selenium (Se): 500


6 plasticizers


The requirements for the maximum limit of migratory elements in toy materials are as follows (Note: For a single sample of a single material whose sampling amount is less than 10mg, it will be exempted)

All products including products that can be put in the mouth
● DBP+BBP+DEHP≤0.1 mg/kg

Products that can be put in the mouth
● DNOP+DINP+DIDP≤0.1 mg/kg


Copyright ©2020 Polymer Solutions Limited  粤ICP备2020087627号